Germany
Company Formation Services

Germany

Company Information and
Compliance

Corporate Governance

German Code of Corporate Governance issued by the Federal Ministry of Justice.

Public Commercial Registers (Handelsregister) are decentralized in Germany, with the information on corporations available in the local register in the region where the company has its legal seat.

Type of company
For international Trade and Investment

German Limited Liability Entrepreneurial Company – Unternehmergesellschaft (UG)

Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (GmbH or Limited Company)
Aktiengesellschaft (AG or Joint Stock Company)
Limited Partnership (KG)
Limited Partnership with a Limited Liability Company as a General Partner (GMBH & CO KG)
General Partnership (OHG)
Civil Law Partnership (GBR)

Procedure to Incorporate

Once a name has been cleared the formation document has to be drawn up, recorded by a German Notary and be signed by all founder members. The company must be registered in the Commercial Register at the county court. The registration document for an AG must include confirmation from the Directors that the minimum share capital has been paid up and an opening balance sheet. In addition, proof has to be made to the Registry that in case of an AG, the Board of Directors can dispose of the capital without restrictions; respectively the Geschäftsführer (Manager) for a GmbH and that the capital has in fact been paid up.

Restrictions on Trading

Certain restrictions apply to areas such as those that affect public safety, public transport, banking and insurance.

Powers of Company

A company has all the powers of an individual.

Language of Legislation and Corporate Documents

German

Registered Agent Required

No

Shelf Companies Available

In principle, yes, but rarely used

Time to Incorporate

Approximately one month, however also depends on the local courts

Name Restrictions

A company name should not already be in existence otherwise any name is possible, must no longer indicate the business activity. Competition law may have to be considered. Nothing should be added to the name, which may deceive the public as to the size of the business. The suffix must be added to the name.

Language of Name

German

Names Requiring Consent or a Licence

Names like banking, insurance and re-insurance, financial services

Suffixes to Denote Limited Liability

GmbH for Limited Company

UG for Mini GmbH

AG for Joint-Stock Company

Disclosure of Beneficial Owners to Authorities

Generally there is no requirement to disclose the ultimate beneficial owner.

Germany Compliance

Authorised and Issued Share Capital

UG: Minimum €1

GmbH: €25,000 with a minimum of 25% paid up. Capital may be paid up in cash or in kind.

AG: €50,000 divided into ordinary shares of equal nominal value of at least €1 fully paid up.

Classes of Shares Permitted

Registered shares and preference share with or without voting rights.

Taxation

German tax law is based on the Basic Law (Grundgesetz), every German tax is regulated by a statute and there are presently 30 statutes in being. The German tax system levies direct taxes on income and on net worth.

Types of taxes are: Corporation Tax, Personal Income Tax, Municipal trade tax on income, withholding taxes on dividends, rental, royalties, fees, interest, and church tax and VAT.

Current Tax rates are:

Current Tax rates are:
Corporation Tax 15%
Solidarity Surcharge 5.5%
Municipal Trade Tax 7% – 17.5%
Withholding Tax 25% on dividends
Up to 25% on interest
Sales Tax/VAT 19%

Licence Fee

None

Financial Statements Required

All companies, including branches must submit an annual return with balance sheet and profit and loss account, including returns for the Federal Corporate Tax, the Municipal Trade tax, net worth tax.

Whilst small companies can file abbreviated accounts within six months of their year-end, medium and large corporations must prepare their financial statements and an annual business report within three months of their year-end.

Accounts must be in the German language and in Euro currency. All companies apart from small sized companies (including small AG’s) must be audited.

Directors

GmbH and UG must have a minimum of one director who can be owner at the same time.

AG’s can have only one Director, but needs a minimum of two if the capital exceeds DM 3 million. The Director (Vorstandsvorsitzender) can also be owner at the same time.

AG’s must also have a Supervisory Board and has a minimum of three members. Depending on the size of a corporation the Supervisory Board may have to have labour representation.

Company Secretary

N/A

Shareholders

GmbH and UG: one member

AG: one founder member

Why TBA

What separates us from our competitors is that our services don’t end with the registration of your company. We offer a wide range of additional services others can’t or just won’t offer, such as lifetime free support.

Whilst most providers either specialise on personalized consultation at relatively high rates or run bulk registration factories without any support, we want to offer the positive aspects of both types.
Therefore TBA combines professional advice, worldwide registration services, reasonable fees, customized order processing, lifetime support and fast processing. Where others see company formation services as a bulk registration with no support and no individual assistance, we do care about your business needs

Should you have any question or matter
You would like to discuss or clarify with us

Or

Should you like to receive further Information
About our services and fees, …

Our multi-lingual team of business advisors is happy to assist you with all upcoming questions and issues in relation to your company.

You may call or email us, and we will be happy to assist you in a fast and efficient manner.

You can also come and visit us at our Limassol offices to discuss issues face to face if you prefer. Just arrange an appointment and we will be happy to meet with you.